Open Heart Surgery - Cardiothoracic Surgery
Cardiothoracic surgeons from St. Francis Hospital, The Heart Center®, complete the cardiac continuum of care offered to the Good Samaritan community. They have expertise in all types of heart surgery, from conventional, open heart bypass and off-pump coronary artery bypass, to the newest, minimally invasive valve procedures, including surgical techniques designed to treat certain cardiac arrhythmias, or irregular heart rhythms. The conditions treated include:
Coronary artery disease
Congenital heart disease
Aortic and arch aneurysms
Mitral valve regurgitation
Mitral valve stenosis
Complex thoracic aortic disease
Atrial septal defects
Congestive heart failure
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: On- and Off-Pump
Coronary artery bypass graft is perhaps the best-known type of cardiac surgery. Using portions, or grafts, of a patient’s own veins or arteries, surgeons provide a new source of blood flow around blocked coronary arteries. In on-pump bypass surgery, the surgeon opens the patient’s chest, stops the heart, and places the patient on a heart- lung machine while the operation takes place. In the newer, minimal access, off-pump procedures, surgeons are able to operate directly on the beating heart.
Valve Repair/Replacement Surgery
Heart valve disease has potentially serious consequences for heart function, often blocking or reversing the natural flow of blood through the heart. To treat valve disease, surgeons either repair the patient’s valve or replace it with a tissue or mechanical valve. Minimally invasive techniques are the preferred approach to valve repair surgery for appropriate candidates.
Atrial Fibrillation Surgery
An estimated two million Americans live with arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation is a form of arrhythmia that can lead to stroke, congestive heart failure, or cardiomyopathy, a weakening of the heart. In addition to treatments such as radiofrequency ablation, Good Samaritan also offers the latest minimally invasive surgical treatments to restore proper heart rhythm function.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve (TAVR)
This minimally invasive surgical procedure repairs the valve without removing the old, damaged one. Somewhat similar to a stent placed in an artery, the TAVR approach delivers a fully collapsible replacement valve to the valve site through a catheter. Once the new valve is expanded, it pushes the old valve leaflets out of the way and the tissue in the replacement valve takes over the job of regulating blood flow. While open-heart surgery has been standard for treating conditions such as aortic valve stenosis, our pioneering physicians are experts in transcatheter aortic valve (TAVR) procedures that can provide qualifying patients with the best minimally invasive options at the St. Francis Hospital Heart Valve Center at Good Samaritan Hospital.
An aortic aneurysm is an enlargement (dilation) of the aorta to greater than 1.5 times normal size. It usually causes no symptoms except when ruptured. Occasionally, there may be abdominal, back, or leg pain. Aortic aneurysms cause weakness in the wall of the aorta and increase the risk of aortic rupture. When rupture occurs, massive internal bleeding results and, unless treated immediately, shock and death can occur. Screening with ultrasound is indicated in those at high risk.